Why Is Back Pain So Common?!

These days, back pain is almost a universal experience. Almost everyone has dealt with it at some point in their lives, and for many, it’s a recurring issue. But have you ever wondered why back pain is so common? Is it just an unfortunate consequence of our modern lifestyle, or is there more to it than meets the eye? This week, we’ll look at the reasons behind the prevalence of back pain and explore some strategies to mitigate this ubiquitous discomfort.


Sedentary Lifestyle

One of the primary culprits behind the high incidence of back pain in modern society is our increasingly sedentary lifestyle. Many people spend the majority of their day sitting at desks or in front of screens. This prolonged sitting can lead to poor posture, weakened core muscles, and muscle imbalances, all of which contribute to back pain.

Sitting for extended periods puts excessive pressure on the lower back and can lead to conditions like herniated discs, sciatica, and muscle stiffness. The lack of movement also reduces blood flow to the spine, depriving it of essential nutrients and oxygen.

To combat the effects of a sedentary lifestyle, incorporating regular breaks to stretch and move around is crucial. Additionally, engaging in exercises that strengthen the core and promote flexibility can help alleviate back pain.


Poor posture

Poor posture is another major factor contributing to the prevalence of back pain. Many individuals slouch or hunch over while sitting or standing, putting strain on the muscles and ligaments that support the spine. Over time, this can lead to chronic pain and discomfort.

The use of electronic devices, such as smartphones and laptops, has exacerbated this issue, as people tend to crane their necks downward, straining the cervical spine. Proper ergonomics and posture awareness are essential for preventing and alleviating back pain caused by poor posture. If it’s not possible to reduce the amount of time you spend in a poor posture, it’s essential to use strategies such as supportive furniture and stretching to combat the negative effects.



The rise in obesity rates is closely linked to the increased prevalence of back pain. This one is a simple relationship – excess weight places additional stress on the spine, particularly the lower back. The lumbar region of the spine carries the majority of the body’s weight, and when it has to support extra pounds, it can lead to chronic pain, herniated discs, and other spinal issues.

Obesity also contributes to inflammation and the release of inflammatory chemicals in the body, which can exacerbate back pain. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can significantly reduce the risk of back pain associated with obesity.


Lack of Physical Activity

In addition to obesity, a lack of physical activity is a significant factor contributing to the prevalence of back pain. Regular exercise helps maintain a healthy weight, strengthens the muscles that support the spine, and improves flexibility. Without proper exercise, these essential components of a healthy back are compromised.

A sedentary lifestyle not only weakens muscles but also reduces the body’s ability to repair and regenerate tissues. Exercise promotes blood flow and the flow of nutrients to the spine, aiding in the healing of damaged tissues and preventing back pain.



As we age, our bodies undergo natural changes that can increase the risk of back pain. The intervertebral discs that cushion the spine gradually lose water content and become less flexible, making them more susceptible to damage and degeneration. Additionally, the spine’s vertebrae may develop bone spurs, and the ligaments and tendons can stiffen over time.

These age-related changes can lead to conditions like osteoarthritis, degenerative disc disease, and spinal stenosis, all of which are associated with back pain. While we cannot prevent the aging process, maintaining a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and proper nutrition can slow down the progression of these age-related spinal issues.


Stress and Mental Health

Stress and mental health also play a role in the prevalence of back pain. When we are stressed or anxious, our bodies tend to tense up, and the muscles in the back can become tight and painful. Chronic stress can lead to persistent muscle tension, increasing the likelihood of back pain.

Additionally, individuals with conditions like depression or anxiety may be more prone to somatic symptom disorders, where emotional distress manifests as physical pain, including back pain. Addressing mental health concerns through therapy, relaxation techniques, and stress management can be an effective way to reduce the impact of stress on the back.


Occupational Hazards

Many jobs require repetitive motions or heavy lifting, which can strain the back and lead to work-related back injuries. Occupations that involve manual labor, such as construction or healthcare, are particularly prone to back pain issues. Office jobs are not exempt either, as prolonged sitting and poor ergonomics can cause chronic discomfort.

Preventing work-related back pain involves proper training, ergonomic adjustments, and adhering to safety guidelines. Employees and employers alike should be proactive in creating a workspace that minimizes the risk of back injuries.


We can help

The prevalence of back pain in today’s society can be attributed to a combination of factors, including our sedentary lifestyle, poor posture, obesity, lack of physical activity, aging, stress, and occupational hazards. Understanding these factors is the first step toward preventing and managing back pain effectively.

To mitigate the impact of back pain, there are steps we can take – people of all ages can undertake regular exercise, maintain a healthy weight, practice good posture, and manage stress through relaxation techniques etc. If, after making some healthy changes you’re still struggling with back pain, a visit to the chiropractor may be a good option. Chiropractors specialise in back, neck and shoulder pain and can help you not only deal with an immediate painful issue, but also make changes to prevent back pain from reoccurring.

If that sounds like you, why not get in touch today – for a limited time, you can take advantage of our new patient special, and get your first treatment totally free!


Blog by / September 9, 2023 / Blog

Dr. Paul Irvine is a doctor of chiropractic who graduated in 1994 with a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of NSW and in 1996, attained his Master of Chiropractic degree from Macquarie University in Australia. He practised in North Sydney for 5 years before he left Australia to travel and practise in the UK. He joined Complete Chiropractic in 2003 (est 1999) and took over the clinic in 2007